The absence of the mention of a king in Joel is not unusual since Obadiah, Jonah, Nahum and Habakkuk are pre- exilic and do not mention a king either. Joel provides a framework for later prophetic development of the theme "day of Yahweh" (the LORD). One of the 12 minor prophets, Joel penned most of his 73-verse book in the form of a poem. The prophet's use of symbolism explains how he can compare the locusts to a human army. 1) is the occasion for Joel's prophecy. The army destroys vegetation--like real locusts. Locusts are an instrument of divine judgment (Deut. The effects of these events on agriculture, farmers, and on the supply of agricultural offerings for the Temple in Jerusalem, interspersed with a call to national lament (1:1–20). Outline of Joel. Expositional Outline of Joel: I. 1) in order to call Israel to repentance (1:13-20; 2:12-17). If they respond, there will be resumed physical and spiritual blessings for the community. The "large and mighty army" (2:2) and "his army" (2:11) are in 2:25 identified with four kinds of literal locusts (Freeman, Introd. His name means “Yahweh is God.” The book is … Content. Sac. Peter reminded his hearers that knowing Joel's prophecy, they should have recognized what they were seeing as a work of the Spirit, not a result of drunkenness (Ryrie Study Bible note at Acts 2:16-21). Every book of the Bible outlined in section headings. Israel will be restored in that great day, and all nations will be summoned for judgment (3:1-2; cf. E.J. This ominous and catastrophic event provided the backdrop for Joel's call to repentance. Joel 2:1-27 - The coming day of the Lord, repentance, and restoration. Joel Bible study outline—contents by chapter and verse. His name means “Yahweh is God.”. Joel. Joel will make it clear to us that it begins with night—that is, it begins as a time of trouble. Joel means "Yahweh is God." The Title Verse: The Author, 1:1. This view was held by Grotius and some Jewish commentators but is largely rejected because the context of Joel is clearly eschatological (Freeman, Introd. There are several views: 1. God judges the nations on behalf of Judah (Joel 3) This army does unprecedented damage, "such as never was of old nor ever will be in ages to come" (2:2), 2. Joel's description fits the locust plague very well, 3. USE OF JOEL IN THE New Testament "While this is one of the briefest books in the OT, it is at the same time one of the most profound. 23:15-22). If Israel did not repent, there would come a day in which Yahweh will deal very severely with His people (1:15- 20). 25:31-46). In view of the above it seems best to see that the actual historical occurrence of a locust plague (chap. Lament over a great locust plague and a severe drought (1:1–2:17).. ", Related Topics: Introductions, Arguments, Outlines, Tom R. Hawkins, has both a ThM (1969) and PhD (1995) from Dallas Theological Seminary. Young is representative of this view. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 2 (Gal. He prescribes a solemn fast … Bib. In support of the view that the locusts are a figure of a future invasion are the following considerations: 1. God sends a plague of locusts on Judah (Joel 1:1–2:11) 2. Call on the name of the Lord, Jehovah a fortress. This fulfillment of Joel 2, in its larger context, will take place at a later time at the end of the Tribulation and will usher in the millennium and be accompanied by the signs in the heavens as seen in the seven bowls of the wrath of God (Rev.
• Chapter 2-3, God calls His people to repent and return, if not, they will all be judged. Joel was written because of a locust plague (described in chap. It is debated whether Joel is one of the earliest prophets or the latest. But, there isn’t any other information about the author in the Bible. He lived in the kingdom of Judah, and at a time when the temple and temple-worship still existed, Joel 1:14 2:1,15,32 3:1. The name Joel means "Yahweh is God." They are not to be repeated. The name means "Yahweh is God.". Rev. Rain will once again fall on the land; a Teacher of Righteousness (the Messiah) will accompany the prosperity. Chapter 2: The Day of the Lord begins. Locusts are similar to grasshoppers and can congregate in swarms of millions of insects, stripping bare crops, trees, and grass in their path.Both in ancient times and today, there was no way to stop them when they hit. One of the minor prophets, of whom nothing is known beyond the few hints furnished in his brief but valuable prophecy. desolation, 1:2-2:17 A. Joash was in seclusion for those years and, even after 835 B.C., was ruling under the regency of the high priest (2 Chron. However, the law of double reference must here apply for Joel's main subject is to call the people to repentance in view of the impending "Day of Yahweh," in which Yahweh will sovereignly call His people to repentance during a time of unique astronomical signs (2:10, 30, 31). The "This is that" (KJV) or "This is what was spoken" (NIV) could mean that the same Holy Spirit was at work in the outpouring on Pentecost. Thus, the description is of literal locusts, 5. First, it applied to the day of Pentecost, which was completely fulfilled in Acts 2. Thus, it can be said that Peter used Joel to prove that the advent of the Spirit was the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy and that "this" day of Pentecost was the fulfillment of the predicted "day of Pentecost" (Acts 2:1; Lev. Israel need not fear, for Yahweh will do great things for His people (2:20b). Because of the pressing needs of survivors of severe abuse, he with his... More, 4. The invasion is from the North (2:20), but locusts always come from the South (Pusey, Minor Prophets p. 150). OUTLINE OF JOEL I. The land was not productive (1:8-10); rather, drought conditions prevailed (1:11-12). This indicates that Jewish tradition considered the book of early origin (Merrill F. Unger, Introductory Guide to the Old Testament, p. 377). One of the major problems in the book concerns the description of the army in 2:2-11. In a similar vein Applewhite goes a bit further and says that Peter's use of Joel was theological (Barry Applewhite, "Chronological Problems of Joel" [Th.M. Joel opened his message with a statement that the desolation of the locust plague was unforgettable (1:1-3). after the death of her husband, King Ahaziah. If so, this is a reference to Messiah. 16) just preceding the Second Advent of Christ. to OT Prophets, p. 153). Verses 1-11: Invading armies occupy the land. This judgment would take the form of an invading army (2:1-11) and devastating signs in the heavens (2:10, 30-31) followed by divine judgment in the nations (3:2, 12-16) and blessing for Israel (3:16-21). Joel 2:28-3:21 - The outpouring of the Holy Spirit, judgment upon the nations. They should beat the implements of agriculture into weapons of warfare and assemble in the valley of Jehoshaphat to stand accountable for their treatment of Israel and for their wickedness before God (3:9-13; cf. Most scholars date the book after the exile to Babylon (586 b.c. CHAPTER WISE SUMMARY: Chapter#1: The Plague of Locusts. Joel invites the people and the priests to fast and humble themselves and seek God’s forgiveness. Title: The Greek Septuagint (LXX), and Latin Vulgate versions follow the Hebrew Masoretic Text, titling this book after Joel the prophet, the recipient of the message from God (1.1). The internet is good for many things, but it is not designed for studying God's word. 2–4) OPTIONS FOR INTERPRETING THE LOCUST WORDING The wording represents different kinds of locusts The wording represents different stages of locust Is Joel describing God's judgment in the form of another (most agree chapter one describes actual locusts) actual and literal locust plague? A severe insect plague. Peter in Acts 2 used Joel 2:28-32 as a proof that the advent of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost was the fulfillment of prophecy anticipated in Joel. The Joel passage found fulfillment in Acts 2. Outline of Joel. After all, the Hebrew day always began at sunset. are terrified (2:6). Watch our overview video on the book of Joel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 1 (Luke 19:1-10), Bible Storying Series - Teaching The Story Of God Chronologically, Bible Teaching Ideas: The Ten Commandments And Ten Fingers, OT: Introductions, Outlines, and Arguments. Joel, declaring sundry judgments of God, exhorts to observe them. The Joel passage is not fulfilled in Acts 2. He pastored churches from 1969 until 1994. to OT Prophets, p. 153). The second major problem in the book concerns the fulfillment of Joel 2:28-32 (3:1-5 in the Hebrew Bible). The Character of the Desolation, 1:2-12 B. (It is also possible to render the phrase "in righteousness the autumn rains" for better parallelism.) Author – Date: The author of the prophecy is identified only as “Joel the son of Pethuel.” “O Lord, to thee will I cry”: As the first to call to repentance, the prophet had to be the first to heed the warning. Both in its grasp of the relationship between historical events and the suprahistorical expectation of the day of the Lord, and also in its impact on early Christian theology, its influence has hardly been proportionate to its size" (New Layman's Bible Commentary). Source: OutlinesBB module from SwordSearcher. Joel 3:16 is quoted in Amos 1:2; Joel 3:18 is quoted in Amos 9:13; and Joel 1:15 is quoted word for word in Isaiah 13:6 (E. B. Pusey, The Minor Prophets, 2 vols., 1:143-46). A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, 310-11; Robert B. Chisholm, Jr., Joel, The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures by Dallas Seminary Faculty: Old Testament, 1413; Robert B. Chisholm, Jr., Interpreting the Minor Prophets, 54; Homer Heater, Jr., Notes on the Book of Joel, unpublished class notes in seminar in the preexilic Old Testament prophets [Dallas Theological … Genesis tells us, “And the evening and the morning were the first day” (Gen. 1:5). 23). Joe 1:14-20. The locusts are described as being like horses (2:4), chariots (2:5) and a mighty army (2:5), not vice versa. to the OT Prophets, p. 154), 2. The locusts of chapter one are used in chapter two as symbols and forerunners of a greater devastation at a later time. God promises to restore Judah from the plague (Joel 2:18–27) 2. Second, it refers to the time at the beginning of the millennium when the Spirit will be poured out on the entire believing remnant who has survived the Tribulation. Thus, we are on fairly safe ground, based on current information, to date the book at around 835 B.C. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, McClintock and Strong Biblical Cyclopedia. Verses 12-17: God calls for national repentance. Little is known about Joel, a prophet from Judah (perhaps Jerusalem). Nations (pl.) In support of the literal view Freeman suggests the following arguments: 1. OUTLINE: I. Literal and local plague of locusts, Chapter 1:1-14 II. 28:38-39, 42; 1 Kings 8:37), 2. In his prophecy he may perhaps refer to the Assyrians or even the Babylonians, who both approached Israel from the North. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The earth will shake. Judgment is to be proclaimed among the nations. Date of Writing: The Book of Joel was likely written between 835 and 800 B.C. We know almost nothing about the prophet Joel. This invading army from the North will be driven out, part into the Dead Sea and part into the Mediterranean Sea, resulting in their total destruction (2:20). These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. What is the book of Joel about? This fact was made obvious years, later after Jehoiada died, when the people turned again to the worship of Baal. God judges the nations (Joel 2:28–3:21) 1. With The locust plague was only a forerunner of much greater judgment in the coming day of Yahweh. The book is universally called Joel after its author. The past locust plague provided the background for the future invader (2:1-11) from the North (2:20). Both are fulfilled. The sun and moon will be darkened and the stars no longer shine (2:10). Finally, it should be noted that the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in Joel will be fulfilled after Israel's national repentance. After all the desolation of the foreign invader, Yahweh will respond on behalf of His people by sending His Spirit (2:28-29). The book of Joel starts by saying that “the word of the Lord that came to Joel the son of pethuel.”1 There are many persons named Joel in the Bible. Joel chapter 1. Joe 1:1-7. Website HTML, editorial descriptions, and images ©2020 StudyLamp Software LLC. We begin at sunup, but God begins at sundown. Better Bible Study God judges Judah (Joel 1–2) 1.
The genre of Joel is Narrative and Prophetic Oracle. If so, this is a reference to Messiah. God's judgments against the enemies of his people. It should be rejected because the context of Joel is millennial, and the Spirit simply was not poured out on all flesh as Young assumes (Freeman, Introd. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. The warning concerning the day of Yahweh, III. This summary of the book of Joel provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of Joel. 6:12) of the prophecy will come to pass. Locusts affect crops for one year; this army affects it for more than one year (2:25). He prescribes a solemn fast to deprecate those judgments. ). The Character of the Desolation, 1:2 … Outline of the Book of Joel. In support of this view it has been pointed out that Peter does not use the normal fulfillment formula like he did in Acts 1:16. Of the prophet Joel, we know nothing, except that he was the son of Pethuel (1:1), of whom nothing is known. Summary Outline of Joel I. Meanwhile, Israel's enemies will be called to account for their treatment of Israel in the day of the prophet (3:4-8). This day of Yahweh will be one of darkness, gloom and cloudy blackness (2:2). Bible Software. The context clearly calls for Messiah's presence (2:26-27 and 2:32-3:2). to the OT Prophets, p. 154), 3. It is possible, indeed probable, that 2:23 should be translated, "for he has given you a teacher for righteousness." outline of the book (1:1-2:27) a. the land is laid waste (1:1-12) 1. They will be judged (3:14-16a) but Israel will be secure (3:16b). Israel will live in prosperity and never again be shamed (2:27). May you discover His character as you investigate the pages of Scripture. SwordSearcher Joel used this agricultural calamity as the picture of a yet future devastation which could be avoided by true repentance. The locust plague--calling for repentance, II. Peter also used the Joel passage to urge his hearers to repentance (Joel 2:32 and Acts 2:21, 38-41). E. B. Pusey also gives strong argument for an early date by the direct quotations taken from Joel in the later prophets. A Teaching Outline for the Book of Joel A study of the book of Joel reveals that this prophet provides a foundational text not only for understanding future events, but also for understanding other passages of Scripture, since it is a text upon which even other … 4:4-7), 3. These anticipated blessings of this event are dealt with in Joel 3 (chap. Jerusalem will be holy (3:17), and prosperity will once again flow into the barren land of Israel (3:18; Ezek. This fulfillment actually fulfills the eschatological significance of the day of Pentecost (Acts 2). God calls Judah to repent (Joel 2:12–17) 3. Joel Outline New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (Study Edition) Call on Jehovah’s Name and Get Away Safe! He shews unto Zion the terribleness of God's judgment. Some of the strongest refer to the enemies of Israel enumerated in the book. Outline #1 (Ryrie): I. Different authors assign to his prophecy different dates, but the prevailing opinion is that he prophesied in the reign of Uzziah, nearly 800 B. C. He calls for people to weep over the devastation ( 5-12 ) B. Thus, both the death of Christ and the advent of the Spirit fulfilled their respective antecedent feasts. There is no reference to death, plunder, or the destruction of cities and the taking of captives, like human armies do, 4. These were the Phoenicians, Philistines, Greeks and Sabeans (3:4-8). The absence of the mention of a king in Joel is not unusual since Obadiah, Jonah, Nahum and Habakkuk are pre- exilic and do not mention a king either. Further, it has been pointed out that the work of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost was His baptizing act to usher in the church age while the fulfillment of Joel 2 will be to usher in the millennium. After a superscription ascribing the prophecy to Joel (son of Pethuel), the book may be broken down into the following sections: . 19). Verses 18-32: If the people repent, God assures restoration and abundant blessings. 47). THE DAY OF THE LOCUST (1:1–20) A. The invader from the North--calling for repentance, 1. The Book Of Joel "Outlines" Outlines of Joel. The second reference, however, refers to the experiential benefits or blessings that would follow national repentance. The successive waves of locusts totally destroyed all vegetation (1:4). The context clearly calls for Messiah's presence (2:26-27 and 2:32-3:2). Ryrie says concerning the Acts 2 passage, the fulfillment of this prophecy will be in the last days, immediately preceding the return of Christ, when all the particulars (e.g., [Joel 2:31] and Rev. At that time everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved (2:32). Peter does not deal with the final fulfillment of Joel 2 in the coming day of national repentance following the signs in the heavens (Joel 2:30-31). Go To Joel Index. Ultimately the book of Joel will find its fulfillment in the Great Tribulation, the time of Jacob's trouble, preceding the judgment of the nations (3:2) and the establishment of the millennial kingdom (3:10, 17-21). Peter's use of Joel 2 is an illustration of the law of double reference. Joel is referred to only once in the New Testament (Acts 2:16-21). The assault includes the city and its houses, whereas locusts attack only vegetation (2:9). 1. Chapter 1: Crops utterly destroyed by a locust plague; call for repentance. 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