Let not him that eateth, despise him that eateth not, as weak and superstitious, priding himself on his superior knowledge and clearer views of his Christian liberty: and, on the other hand, let not him which eateth not, judge him that eateth; and being prejudiced and narrow in his own conceptions, dare uncharitably to censure his brother as a loose liver, and irreligious professor, because he has no such scruples about indifferent matters; for God hath received him into his favour, and therefore, whom he accepts, none should condemn. It is inconsistent with that conscientiousness through which alone man can be trained in goodness; the moral life would become chaotic and irredeemable if conscience were always to be treated so. Had these rules been applied to the controversies about rites, and forms, and festivals, that have arisen, peace might have been preserved. His action is contrary to what he believes is right. Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. The word of God must be our rule; we must ever from that divine code receive our directions; and, where our minds are not fully satisfied concerning his will, nothing must tempt us to take one step farther. have it to thyself before God. Until he learns principles of living by grace, he cannot violate those norms. The exposition itself supersedes further illustration here. He was not serving the law of sin with his mind. I have sited some of your work in my study notes as I teach here at Christ Community Church through the Book of Romans. (Romans 14:15; Romans 14:20.) ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. 23 But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith. It is a high aggravation of guilt to do any thing that, in its own nature, tends to the discomfort and ruin of the weakest believers, and to the disconcerting or destroying of the work of God in them. Both classes are here addressed, since Romans 14:12, to which ‘therefore’ refers, included both; ‘one another’ points back to ‘of himself’ in the same verse. That is, however sure a man may be that what he does is right, he cannot expect others to act on his faith. 1879-90. (13) How exalted and beautiful are the ethics of Christianity-by a few great principles teaching us how to steer our course amidst practical difficulties, with equal regard to Christian liberty, love, and confidence! One believeth that he may eat all things; and, satisfied about the abolition of the ceremonial law, counts nothing any longer common or unclean, eating, without scruple, whatever kind of wholesome food is set before him. The Augustinian argument (noticed by Alford, and in Lange’s Commentary on the passage) drawn from this clause, showing the non-salvability of infidels and heathen, has no force. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". It is not always right to do what we think to be right.”. All rights reserved. 1835. Blessed Lord Jesus! "Commentary on Romans 14:23". BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/romans-14.html. I have been helped and enriched by your work! Copyright � Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. The state of mind under which Paul and other Jews persecuted the early Christians, was evil, though the persecution itself they regarded as a duty. This verse, in contrast to Romans 14:22, seems addressed particularly to the weak. Romans 4:20, James 1:6, Mark 11:23. It is one thing to be free yourself to partake of something that others are not free to indulge in. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". Romans 14:1-23.SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED--CHRISTIAN FORBEARANCE. Thank you! We must each, shortly, answer for ourselves before God; and therefore to his judgment all should be referred. Used by Permission. 1909-1922. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. Note; Our great concern is, to prepare for a judgment-day, and the best means to be ready for it is, to keep it often in our view, and to bring ourselves thither in self-examination, before the Lord shall cite us to his bar. Because he is the Lord, according to whose will and for whose glory we are to live, Romans 14:6-8. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". by Grant | Jun 1, 2014 | Romans | 3 comments. He that discerneth, or who judgeth that he ought to abstain from such meats, if he eat, is self-condemned, because he acts not according to his faith. To advocate even a good cause with bad arguments does great harm, by exciting unnecessary opposition; by making good men, who oppose the arguments, appear to oppose the truth; by introducing a false standard of duty; by failing to enlist the support of an enlightened conscience, and by the necessary forfeiture of the confidence of the intelligent and well informed. But it is of importance to remember, in reading the Bible, that this is not of necessity its meaning. The meaning is sufficiently plain. They put themselves in a jail of their own making. This principle does not extend to situations where the conscience is not threatened. 1700-1703. Owing to ignorance, early prejudice, weakness of faith, and other causes, there may and must exist a diversity of opinion and practice on minor points of duty. All other rights reserved. It may be necessary to repeat the words here that the reader may see with what propriety they connect with the subject which terminates the fourteenth chapter as it now stands. 4. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Romans 14. What does it mean to worship in spirit and in truth? S. H. “faith is used somewhat in the way we should speak of a good conscience.” It is important to observe the negative character of the phrase. Whom God receives, men cannot lawfully reject (Romans 14:3-4). "Commentary on Romans 14:23". “He who hesitates as to what he ought to do is condemned, or does wrong, if he eats (in opposition to his conscience), for he has not the one faculty which can overrule the decisions of conscience, and give them a different direction.”. For we must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ. 2 One [man] has faith to eat everything,+ but the [man] who is weak eats vegetables. And he that doubteth, is damned, &c.— Is convicted [of sin] if he eat, because it is not according to his belief: for whatsoever [a man doeth] not according to his persuasion, is sin. The Jewish converts cautioned against judging, and Gentile believers against despising one the other. Because it is not of faith; his eating was not an ethical result of his faith in Christ; comp. He protested racial legislation in South Africa and led civil disobedience campaigns in his native India in order to secure home rule. It does not affirm that all or any of the actions of impenitent and unbelieving people are sinful, which is true, but not the truth taught here; nor does it affirm that all acts which are not performed by those who have faith in the Lord Jesus, are sinful; but the discussion pertains to Christians; and the whole scope of the passage requires us to understand the apostle as simply saying that a man should not do a thing doubting its correctness; that he should have a strong conviction that what he does is right; and that if he has “not” this conviction, it is sinful. We should stand fast in the liberty wherewith Christ has made us free, and not allow our consciences to be brought under the yoke of bondage to human opinions. See Hebrews 5:14. as before,—see Chrys. I mean that the term “inner being” (esō anthrōpon) is Paul’s way of saying, “I don’t mean this hypocritically, or superficially, or Pharisaically. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". Copy Options. sin. The mature Christian must not accept this rigidity and undermine his own liberty and proper understanding of Scripture in doing so. In all the circumstances of life we may well bear with the weak in faith, and receive none to doubtful disputations, while earnest in the grand points of the cross to contend for the faith once delivered unto the saints. I wish that I had the benefit of the next two chapters now, and going forward, but I realize you are still at work. Romans 14:23: And he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". it’s easy to live in a world of absolutes, to be able to say thie is right and that is wrong. St. Paul, when he was a bloody persecutor, tells us he acted according to his conscience; I verily thought with myself that I ought to do many things against the name of Jesus of Nazareth. The word rendered doubteth, is translated staggered, ch. God the Creator wakes a doxology at Romans 1:25; Christ the Redeemer at Romans 9:5; God the divine Governor at Romans 11:36. 5.) But why dost thou judge thy brother, as lax and latitudinarian, because thou art rigid and scrupulous? The only sins that I can find in Romans 14:1-23 are: a. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. BibliographyGill, John. the gray areas of faith romans 14:1 – 14:23 the passage that we are looking at today, is one that many people find confusing. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". For none of us liveth to himself; we are not our own, and must not live as self-seekers, or self-pleasers; we are bought with a price, that we should glorify God in our bodies and in our spirits, which are his: and no man dieth to himself, wishing to get rid of his troubles, or to gain a name; or selfishly desiring his crown before the time when God shall appoint him an end to his warfare; for whether we, who are truly the servants of Jesus, live, we live unto the Lord, desirous to be, and do, and suffer according to his holy will and pleasure; and whether we die a natural, lingering, sudden, or violent death, we die unto the Lord, resigned to his will, committing all our concerns into his hands, and with our departing breath desiring to exalt his great and glorious name, and to commend the goodness of our God: whether we live therefore or die, we are the Lord's; belong to him as his devoted servants; as his inseparable property depending on him, and singly aiming at his glory. 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